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Abraham, Isaac and somebody

July 4, 2008

The normal formula for referencing the ancient fathers in the OT is some form of “Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.”

However, there’s a handful of spots where it says, “Abraham, Isaac and Israel.”  I don’t have a clue yet as to why.  This is going to be my online spot for notes on this difference.  Any ideas you have would be appreciated as well.

A, I and Jacob

Gen 50:24

Exo 2:24 – God remembered His covenant with…

Exo 3:6, 15, 16 – talking with Moses at burning bush

Exo 4:5

Exo 6:3, 8

Exo 33:1

Lev 26:42 – blessings/curses section – in reverse order

Num 32:11

Deut 1:8

Deut 6:10

Deut 9:5, 27

Deut 29:13

Deut 30:20

Deut 34:4

2Kings 13:23

Jer 33:26

Matt 1:2 – Part of genealogy, not tri-formula

Matt 8:11

Matt 22:32

Mark 12:26 – talking about Moses and burning bush

Luke 3:34 – part of genealogy, reverse order

Luke 13:28

Luke 20:37 – talking about Moses and burning bush

Acts 3:13 – Peter preaching

Acts 7:8 – Stephen preaching, discussing covenant of circumcision

Acts 7:32 – Stephen preaching, talking about Moses and burning bush

A, I and Israel

Exo 32:13

1Kings 18:36 – Elijah on Mount Carmel.  After formula says, “prove today that you are God in Israel”

1Chron 1:34 – kinda works.  Part of genealogy, not tri-formula

1Chron 29:18

2Chron 30:6

One Comment leave one →
  1. Cameron permalink
    July 7, 2008 8:48 pm

    I wonder whether it has anything to do with the difference between the meanings of the names. I understand the chronicler portrays a generally more favorable version of the account in Kings, so maybe this fits with his exclusive use of the A, I and Israel formula.
    As for the references in Exodus and Kings, perhaps the author is asking us to remember the story of the name change, and the renewing of the covenant that God gave at that point. Similar to the different meaning that would be implied if we had Abram, Isaac and Israel.
    It’s kinda funny that God says “you will no longer be called Jacob” but all the references we then have to him seem to ignore this . . . 🙂 Interesting question!

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